About our breeds
Pugs are an ancient breed owned by royalty and treated like royalty. Pugs came from China where they were kept in luxurious gardens by Chinese emperors and guarded by soldiers. Pugs later spread to other parts of the Orient and were kept as pets by Buddist monks in their monasteries in Tibet.
Pugs were brought to Europe in the 1500's.
The House of Orange in the Netherlands popularized the Pug breed and made it it's official dog breed in 1572 after a Pug named Pompey saved the life of the Prince of Orange by alerting him to approaching assassins.
A Pug travelled with William the 3rd (Prince William of Orange) and Mary the 2nd from the Netherlands to accept the throne of England in 1688. During this period the Pug may have been bred with the old type King Charles Spaniel to give the modern King Charles Spaniel it's Pug characteristics.
Queen Victoria loved Pugs and passed this passion on to other members of the royal family.
Painter William Hogarth was a devoted owner of Pugs and painted a self-portrait with his Pug Trump in 1745. This painting is now hanging in the Tate Gallery, London.
The Pugs appearance has changed considerably from these times. Pugs depicted and painted in the art of the 17 and 1800's were longer legged and had longer noses and sometimes cropped ears. Ear cropping was made illegal (thankfully) in 1895.
The modern Pug appearance probably changed when they were bred in the United Kingdom with imported Pugs from China that had the modern style Pug nose and shorter legs.
This breeding for a certain look has, over time, increased health issues of Pugs. Purebred Pugs have short snouts and are members of the brachycephalic breed of dogs and this can affect their breathing. Their protruding eyes can be prone to eye injuries. Pugs can overheat easily and need to be kept cool and well shaded on hot days. They can easily become overweight if overfed and under-exercised. It is not recommended to over-exercise your Pug, a half hour twice a day is enough.
Pugs have retained their affection and devotion to their owners from ancient times. They are even-tempered and charming. Pugs are strong-willed but rarely aggressive. They are very intuitive and sensitive to the moods of their owners and are eager to please them. They crave affection and attention from their owner and often stay by their side where ever they go. They are playful and thrive on human companionship.
A breeder should have an aim and a reason for their breeding, and our aim is to bring the Pug back to its origins of less protruding eyes, longer snouts for ease of breathing and longer legs for a more athletic body shape. So they are able to better deal with heat and exercise. The Pug has a remarkable and unique temperament, and we believe our Pugs should be able to live their lives more comfortably and not be bred purely for the "look".
A Pug painted by
Karl Reichert 1918
William Hogarth with
his Pug Trump in 1745,
A Pug painted by